The origins of microblading are largely unknown, but similar techniques of making tiny incisions into the skin and inserting dye are certainly thousands of years old. It entered mass popularity in Asia about 20 to 25 years ago, and was called (among several other terms) brow feathering or brow embroidery, to emphasize the more natural looking results it produced. It began to catch on elsewhere, first in Europe and then in the United States, in the 2010s. By 2015, microblading reached the status of being considered the most preferred method of eyebrow cosmetic procedures available.

This technique may be used to improve or create eyebrow definition, to cover gaps of lost hair, to extend the eyebrows, or to create a full reconstruction if the brows have little or no hair. Each microblading stroke is applied individually, allowing the technician to control the shape, color and density of the completed eyebrows.